Acu-Cell Logo
healthy food
Essential Trace Element / Mineral List
     Home    Sitemap    Links & Downloads    Flu Remedies                        The Clinical Resource for Cellular Nutrition & Trace Mineral Analysis
     Acu-Cell Analysis    Acu-Cell Nutrition    Acu-Cell Disorders    Mineral Ratios    Diets & MLM    Tin - Health Effects    Spiritual Health

Acu-Cell Nutrition

            

DRI / RDA  for Nickel & Cobalt  +  Vit C - E - B12 - B15:

_________________________________________________________________________________

Cellular / Intracellular Attributes and Interactions:
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________

Page 1  -  Nickel & Cobalt, and Vitamin C / E / B12 / B15 interactions                                              Page 2
_________________________________________________________________________________
Nickel Synergists:
Iron, tin, phosphorus, Vitamin C, bismuth, [cobalt],
germanium,

Nickel Antagonists:
Manganese, zinc, calcium, copper, [cobalt],
sodium, Vitamin E, phytic acid.
Cobalt Synergists:
Manganese, sodium, Vitamin B12, [nickel],
iodine (low to normal amounts),
 
Cobalt Antagonists:
Potassium, iron, magnesium, chromium, [nickel],
phosphorus, Vitamin C, protein.
Low Levels / Deficiency - Symptoms and/or Risk Factors:
Nickel:
Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), low blood pressure,
depression, liver disease, anemia, low stomach acid,
sinus congestion, fatigue, low adrenals.
Cobalt:
May lead to pernicious anemia, severe fatigue,
shortness of breath, low thyroid.
High levels / Overdose / Toxicity / Negative Side Effects - Symptoms and/or Risk Factors:
Nickel:
Angina, skin rash, hypoglycemia, decreased estrogen,
shortness of breath, asthma, nausea, lowered pulse,
vomiting, diarrhea, headache, stomach irritation,
increased protein in urine, increased red blood cells,
heart failure (from 50,000 - 100,000 x daily intake).
Cobalt:
Angina, panic-anxiety attacks, shortness of breath,
asthma, cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure,
polycythemia, (hypo)thyroid problems, neurological
problems, overproduction of red blood cells, skin
rash, infertility, dermatitis.
Nickel Sources:
Unrefined whole grains, oats, nuts, oysters, soybeans,
buckwheat seed, peas, beans, lentils, herring, tea.
Cobalt Sources:
Buckwheat, dairy, nuts, figs, green leafy vegetables,
cabbage, meats, shellfish, sea vegetables.
Vitamin C / Ascorbic Acid:
for details see "Vitamin C Supplementation"
Vitamin E:                        1mg = 1 IU
Low Levels / Deficiency - Symptoms and/or Risk Factors:
Vitamin C:
Scurvy, slow wound healing, anemia, easy bruising,
shortness of breath, fatigue, nosebleeds, frequent
infections, gastrointestinal problems, depression,
chronic gingivitis, increased risk for various cancers,
impaired formation and maintenance of collagen,
impaired multiple hormonal functions, dermatitis,
arthritis, reduced insulin production, some types of
male infertility, vascular degeneration, gallstones.
Vitamin E:
Increased oxidation of free radicals, increased
risk for various cancers, cardiovascular disease,
hemolytic anemia, angina (left-sided), leg cramps,
increased lipid peroxidation, dry skin, irritability,
reproductive abnormalities, miscarriage, PMS,
fibrocystic (breast) disease, gallstones, cataracts,
bruising, dermatitis.
High levels / Overdose / Toxicity / Negative Side Effects - Symptoms and/or Risk Factors:
Vitamin C:
Diarrhea, abdominal cramps, high stomach acid,
increased urination, insomnia, irritability, joint
pains, osteoporosis, headaches, hypoglycemia,
weakness, reduced estrogen, PMS, may increase
infections by causing copper deficiency, reduced
estrogen, reduced progesterone, reduced prolactin.
Vitamin E:
Altered immunity, altered blood clotting, fatigue,
reduced thyroid functions, increased Vitamin C,
Vitamin A, or calcium requirements, cardiovascular
cardiovascular disease / stroke, muscle weakness,
headaches, raised or lowered blood pressure,
nausea.
Vitamin C Sources:
Citrus fruit, green peppers, sweet and hot peppers,
potatoes, rose hips, currants and other berries, kale,
tomatoes, broccoli, cabbage, spinach, watercress.
Vitamin E Sources:
Wheat germ, seeds, nuts, sweet potato, whole
unrefined grains, vegetable oils, olives, corn,
apricot oil, margarine, green leafy vegetables.
Vitamin B12 - Hydroxy or Cyanocobalamin:
(also available as adenosyl or methylcobalamin)
Vitamin B15 - Pangamic Acid: *     no USRDA
(also called calcium pangamate)
* may be substituted with DMG (Dimethylglycine)
to increase pangamic acid production in the body.
Low Levels / Deficiency - Symptoms and/or Risk Factors:
Vitamin B12:
Pernicious anemia (numbness and tingling in
hands and feet / nerve damage), shortness of
breath, severe fatigue, birth defects, dementia,
confusion, poor memory, depression, reduced
WBCs and platelet formation, loss of appetite,
weight loss, sore tongue, headaches, nausea.
Vitamin B15:
Angina (right-sided), coronary artery spasms
(right-sided), some types of panic-anxiety disorder,
headaches, Vitamin B12 overdose (from Vit B12
injection), some types of high blood pressure,
shortness of breath, asthma, increased lactic acid,
drug addiction, learning difficulties.
High levels / Overdose / Toxicity / Negative Side Effects - Symptoms and/or Risk Factors:
Vitamin B12:
Can cause low folate-related anemia and "pins and
needles" symptoms in fingers and toes after long-term
intake without additional folic acid supplementation.

Insomnia, skin rash, increased Vit B15 requirements,
optic nerve atrophy (in someone with Leber's disease),
some types of leukemia, liver and kidney diseases, may
worsen symptoms of mitral valve prolapse, hyperthyroid,
numbness / tingling in right arm or face, hypokalemia,
anxieties, panic-anxiety attacks, heart palpitations,
may increase / stimulate tumor / cancer cell division.

Methylcobalamin is the preferred form of Vitamin B12
if cyanocobalamin is not tolerated.  However, although
relatively rare, side effects are possible with all forms.
Vitamin B15:
Pernicious anemia (long-term, very high intake),
severe fatigue, depression, headaches, skin rash,
shortness of breath, nausea, increased Vitamin B12
requirements.
_________________________________________________________________________________
Vitamin B12 Sources:
Meat, dairy, eggs, seafood.  There is no vegetarian
source of Vitamin B12, but it has been obtained from
insect or feces-contaminated vegetarian products.
Vitamin B15 Sources:
Brewer's yeast, whole grains, organ meats, brown
rice, pumpkin and sunflower seeds. ¤
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
UL:                                      200 mcg - 1,000 mcg
Therapeutic Range:         500 mcg - 50,000 mcg +
UL:                                       250 mcg (in medicines)
Therapeutic Range:          50 mcg - 1,000 mcg
Nickel:

DRI (RDA):    none
0-6 months
6-12 months
1-10 years 
11-18 years  males
19  +  years  males
11-18 years  females
19  +  years  females
1,000 mcg = 1mg

suggested:


100 mcg - 300 mcg
400 mcg - 600 mcg
500 mcg - 700 mcg

300 mcg - 500 mcg
400 mcg - 600 mcg
Cobalt:

DRI (RDA):    none



11-18 years  males
19  +  years  males
11-18 years  females
19  +  years  females
suggested:


0.006 mcg   (AI)

10 mcg - 20 mcg
10 mcg - 20 mcg

10 mcg - 20 mcg
10 mcg - 20 mcg
DRI (RDA):
0-6 months
6-12 months
1-10 years

11-18 years  males
19  +  years  males

11-18 years  females
19-50 years  females
50  +  years  females
pregnant
lactating
40mg  AI
50mg  AI
15 - 50mg

65 - 75mg
90mg

55 - 65mg
75mg
75mg

80 - 85mg
115 - 120mg
DRI (RDA):
0-6 months
6-12 months
1-10 years

11-18 years  males
19  +  years  males
11-18 years  females
19-50 years  females
50  +  years  females
pregnant
lactating
4mg  AI
5mg  AI
6 - 10mg

11 - 15mg
15mg

11 - 15mg
15mg
15mg

15mg
19mg
UL:                                   400mg - 2,000mg
Therapeutic Range:       250mg - 50g +

Best time to take Vitamin C:  Morning - evening
in divided doses, preferably with the 3 main meals.
UL:                                     200mg - 1,000mg 
Therapeutic Range:        100mg - 2,000mg +

Best time to take Vitamin E:  Anytime during
the day; preferably with some (fatty) food.
DRI (RDA):
0-6 months
6-12 months
1-10 years

11-18 years  males
19  +  years  males

11-18 years  females
19  +  years  females
pregnant
lactating
0.4 mcg  AI
0.5 mcg  AI
0.7 - 2.0 mcg

2.4 mcg
2.4 mcg

2.4 mcg
2.4 mcg

2.6 mcg
2.8 mcg
DRI (RDA):    none *

6-12 months
1-10 years

11-18 years  males
19  +  years  males
11-18 years  females
19  +  years  females
suggested:
(B15 or DMG)



10 - 25mg
25mg +

10 - 25mg
25mg +
UL:                                    n/a
Therapeutic Range:       100 mcg - 10,000 mcg

Best time to take Vitamin B12:  Morning - afternoon,
with or without food for oral intake.  Earlier in the day
for B12 injections.
UL:                                     n/a
Therapeutic Range:        50mg - 500mg +

Best time to take Vitamin B15 or DMG:  Anytime
during the day, preferably with food.
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________

2017  Dietary Reference Intake  (DRI) - Recommended Dietary Allowance / Intake  (RDA / RDI) for
Adults, Children, Pregnancy & Nursing - Adequate Intake  (AI) - Tolerable Upper Intake Level  (UL)
_________________________________________________________________________________

2017  Dietary Reference Intake  (DRI) - Recommended Dietary Allowance / Intake  (RDA / RDI) for
Adults, Children, Pregnancy & Nursing - Adequate Intake  (AI) - Tolerable Upper Intake Level  (UL)
_________________________________________________________________________________

2017  Dietary Reference Intake  (DRI) - Recommended Dietary Allowance / Intake  (RDA / RDI) for
Adults, Children, Pregnancy & Nursing - Adequate Intake  (AI) - Tolerable Upper Intake Level  (UL)
Estimated daily intake of Nickel from food and water
worldwide is 70 mcg -  170 mcg / day.
Estimated daily intake of Cobalt from food and water
worldwide is 5 mcg - 40 mcg / day.
_________________________________________________________________________________

General recommendations for nutritional supplementation:  To avoid stomach problems and improve tolerance,
supplements should be taken earlier, or in the middle of a larger meal.  When taken on an empty stomach or
after a meal, there is a greater risk of some tablets causing irritation, or eventually erosion of the esophageal
sphincter, resulting in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD).  It is also advisable not to lie down right after
taking pills.  When taking a large daily amount of a single nutrient, it is better to split it up into smaller doses
to not interfere with the absorption of other nutrients in food, or nutrients supplemented at lower amounts.

_________________________________________________________________________________
                 Copyright © 2000-2017  Acu-Cell Nutrition - DRI / RDA for Cobalt & Nickel  + Vitamin C / E / B12 / B15
Page 2
Updated: 01. Jan. 2017



 
This site uses cookies from advertisers (e.g. Google) to deliver its services, to personalize ads, and to analyze
traffic.  Continued use of this site constitutes acceptance of cookies in accordance with the EU Cookie Policy.